Let’s create an encrypted Arch Linux installation! You can follow this tutorial whether you plan to install Arch on an internal disk, a USB flash drive, an SD card, or an external drive. You will have to boot from either the official Arch ISO or an existing Arch Linux machine. This tutorial assumes that you’re working in a root-shell and that you’re already familiar with installing Linux distros and working on the command-line.
So you’ve just rented a new server, in some random data center, from one of the popular hosting providers. You don’t have physical access to the machine, but you rely on your data to be stored securely on the server. You probably want to encrypt the entire system, even the swap partition. The server needs to be able to decrypt the filesystems to boot, but you don’t want the encryption key to be accessible by it, so nobody with physical access can access your data or even tamper with it.